Friday, June 27, 2008

The Pledge of the Flag

The Pledge of the Flag

A Boston-based youth magazine "The Youth's Companion" published a recitation for school children to use in activities to commemorate the discovery of America by Columbus.

October 11, 1892
I pledge allegiance to my Flag,
and to the Republic for which it stands:
one Nation indivisible,
With Liberty and Justice for all.

Children began reciting it in public schools. At the first National Flag Conference in Washington, D.C, it was decided that new immigrants might be confused and the words were changed.

June 14, 1923
I pledge allegiance to my the
Flag of the United States,
and to the Republic for which it stands:
one Nation indivisible,
With Liberty and Justice for all.

The following year it was amended even more:

June 14, 1924
I pledge allegiance to the Flag
of the United States of America,
and to the Republic for which it stands:
one Nation indivisible,
With Liberty and Justice for all.

Children continued to recite the pledge in schools, but it did not become popular with adults until World War II. It became sanctioned by Congress on June 22, 1942, being included in the Pledge to the Flag in the United States Flag Code (Title 36). In 1943 the US Supreme Court decreed it was unlawful to force students to recite the pledge. The Pledge to the Flag was changed to the Pledge of Allegiance in 1945.

On June 14, 1954 President Dwight D. Eisenhower approved adding the words "Under God".
I pledge allegiance to the Flag
of the United States of America,
and to the Republic for which it stands:
one Nation under God, indivisible,
With Liberty and Justice for all.

Resource

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